Donbass: separatists want to hold elections themselves

Reform of ukraine’s catch provides for decentralization, but not a federal state

The ukrainian leadership wants to decentralize the country and give the regions and municipalities more powers, for example to levy taxes independently of the central government, but it shies away from federalization as if it were the devil. Now president poroshenko has presented the supplements to the interception required by the minsk agreement, which also regulate what status the separatists-controlled. There is a great urgency, because kiev wants to hold local elections already in october, according to the changed constitution. However, regional, district and local elections throughout the country are not scheduled to take place until the end of october 2017, which is apparently how long the government wants to keep its hands on the tails.

Decentralization should not diminish the state of the central government in matters of defense, national security, rule of law or observance of civil liberties, poroshenko said, adding that it has a positive impact on the state of the country "nothing in common with a foderalization". The current form of government with a single president is "optimal". However, he will hand over an important part of the competences and financial resources to the regions and municipalities, and the central government will mainly perform the function of control. Decentralization is to be followed by a reform of the judicial system and the abolition of immunity for deputies and judges.

Since russia and the "people’s republics" of the separatists are pushing for a federal state that would give the donbass a large degree of autonomy, poroshenko rejects this. In the addenda to the agreement there is also only talk about a limited self-administration of the current "people’s republics" for 3 years. There will be no special status, only a local administration, which will be regulated by another law.

According to the minsk agreement, the elections scheduled for october are to be conducted in accordance with ukrainian law, as heidi tagliavini, the osce special envoy who heads the trilateral contact group, points out "people’s republics" avoided in order not to recognize them by doing so. However, the minsk agreement did not regulate the details of the elections and the special status. The other points, i.E. The withdrawal of all foreign groups and the control of the border, have not been carried out, while the fighting has again increased in intensity and heavy weapons have again been brought to the contact line. The question is, how elections in the areas should take place, if the conditions are not discussed, i.E. Also not about which parties and politicians can run at all and which special status exactly the areas should have. The ie of immunity will also play a rough role here, but poroshenko wants to abolish it. Besides, he had said that under the constitutional amendments the president will have the right to dissolve elected local governments.

Just as kiev does not want to make concessions to the separatists, the latter are not ready to give up their de facto autonomy from kiev and their power. The separatists have now announced that they will hold local elections on 18 december. October elections, of course, not under ukrainian law. Poroshenko is putting an end to these "illegal elections" as "attack by russia" they have destroyed the peace process. Earlier, the separatists had already made it clear that there would be no local elections for them without amnesty. As kiev wants to clear the special status even after the elections, this is another hurdle for the implementation of the minsk agreement, which is becoming more and more an air number.

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